Board members of nonprofit organizations are increasingly required to distinguish themselves not only through commitment, but also through competence and professionalism. Increasing expectiations regarding effectiveness, efficiency and transparency lead to increasing pressure on organizations and, indirectly, on their top governing body, the boards. Hence, many concepts from private sector firms have found their way into nonprofit management. An example hereof is board self-evaluation.
An empirical study conducted by the VMI showed considerable backlog for Swiss NPOs. Detailed results were presented in issue 2/09 of the journal Verbands-Management (VM).